Objectives of IATT
Millions of children have seen their lives irrevocably altered by HIV/AIDS, as it consumes families, communities, schools, health-care and welfare systems and national economies. Vulnerability due to poverty, and sometimes hunger, armed conflict, harmful child labour practices and other threats is compounded by the effects of HIV and AIDS. Currently, an estimated 17.5 million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS and an estimated 2 million children (0-14 years) are living with HIV or AIDS.
The global response for children affected by AIDS requires a coordinated and sustained development response that reduces the vulnerability of children to deprivation, school dropout and poor health and improves their chances of leading healthy and productive lives. Strengthening national systems for scaling up response to children affected by AIDS remains an urgent priority.
Vulnerability analysis of the last few years have shown that many factors that can influence vulnerability, including orphan hood, household wealth and the education level of adults. In programming it is important to determine what are the specific needs of children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS and to ensure that broader services and activities that are relevant to all vulnerable children including those affected are AIDS sensitive and non-stigmatizing.
In 2001, the UNAIDS Committee of Cosponsoring Organizations (CCO) called for the creation of a partnership of researchers, program implementers, advocates and policy-makers to support a coordinated, accelerated and expanded response for the protection of children affected by HIV and AIDS. The inter-agency task team (IATT) on Orphans and other Vulnerable Children, led by UNICEF, was charged with setting goals and targets for the response; identifying key strategies for scale up; agreeing on principles to guide programming; and setting expectations for inter-agency partners. In 2004, the Inter-agency partnership became known as "Children and HIV and AIDS," to reflect a broader understanding of how AIDS affects children.
The work of the IATT is guided by recommendations from the Global Partners Forum (GPF) which was established in 2003 to give momentum to fulfilling global commitments for children affected by AIDS. The IATT is also responsible for planning the GPF meetings.
As a response to the 2006 GPF recommendations, the IATT set up seven thematic working groups that generated key evidence for the Fourth Global Partners Forum, held in October 2008 in Dublin, Ireland and co-convened by Irish Aid and UNICEF. During 2006-2009 the IATT also worked closely with the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS (JLICA) which engaged practitioners, policymakers, and scholars in collaborative problem-solving, research, and analysis to address the needs of children living in the context of HIV/AIDS. The evidence generated by JLICA also contributed to the GPF of 2008. (Read their final report, Home Truths: Facing the Facts on Children, AIDS, and Poverty)
This pivotal GPF generated critical momentum for improving the response for children, as well as strong recommendations for action.
In December of 2008, the IATT working groups were restructured to respond to the recommendations set out in the communiqué of the 2008 GPF. Currently there are 3 working groups: 1) Monitoring and Evaluation, 2) Social Protection and 3) Communities and Resource Tracking
The IATT steering committee represents the overall IATT and coordinates the working groups' functions. The steering committee is made up of facilitators of the working groups and focal points from regions including regional IATT's.
Objectives of IATT
The IATT specifically aims to:
- Promote coordination and harmonization of policy guidance and programming
- Advocate, both internally and externally for accelerated implementation of evidence-informed interventions
- Promote the development and sharing of technical and programming information
- Support and broaden networking and collaboration
View the terms of reference
- The Millennium Development Goals
- 2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
- Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS (2004)
- Guide to M&E for OVC (2005)
- Enhanced Protection for Children Affected by HIV and AIDS (2007)
- Guidance document for developing national M&E systems for OVC (2009)
- Child sensitive social protection statement (2009)
- UNAIDS business case on Social Protection (2010) Draft